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The Art and Science of Spa and Body Therapy
Book Review

The book ‘The Art and Science of Spa and Body Therapy’, is written by senior practitioners and examiners of ITEC, UK, and edited by Jane Foulston, chief executive, ITEC, to make sure that it provides plenty of information to the readers.

Fay Major, Marguerite Wynne and Elaine Hall have more than fifteen years of experience each of them being ITEC examiners, and ITEC, being one of the leading awarding bodies in the UK that conduct examinations in beauty, spa and hairdressing subjects all over the world!

As it says in the Introduction of the book itself, it is produced by keeping the students in mind. The images and illustrations are of very good quality so are the “Did you know?” pieces of information. Visual effects in the book are nice which attract one’s attention to the topic of interest or importance.

Chapter 1 – Being Professional

What is good? This chapter discusses in detail what does it exactly mean by being professional. It talks about the importance of providing professional environment and best practices of client care. A lot of emphasis is given to professional health and safety in this chapter. It also provides a check list for the therapists to follow, before the client arrives – very useful for the students and a good reference point for the therapists.

What could have been better? Topics such as information on bacteria and virus, methods of sterilisation, first-aid kit and fire-fighting equipment, could have been laid out in a separate chapter.

Chapter 2 – Body Analysis

What is good? Very good explanation is given on client consultation, how to gather background information from the client in order to decide on a treatment plan, assessment techniques, body types and posture. However, this whole chapter is not part of the current Holistic massage syllabus for the ITEC qualification.

What could have been better? A sample chart to fill body measurements is missing which could have been an useful tool as a reference point. The chapter talks about the postural problems and recommended exercises for each of them. However, it does not explain enough why a therapist needs to know about these postural problems and how she should adopt the massage techniques to accommodate them.

Chapter 3 – Exfoliation

What is good? This chapter talks about reasons for exfoliation, contra-indications to the treatment and different exfoliating methods. It also covers anatomy of skin to refresh the knowledge of skin and relate that to the exfoliation treatment.

What could have been better? Although recap-type information on skin was most welcomed, additional information on cells and body tissues could have been avoided. Instead of giving this information along with exfoliation, it would have been useful to compile all information on anatomy, physiology, safety bacteria and viruses (from 1st chapter) in a separate chapter. The chapter also lacks in providing information on different types of scrubs available generally and their ingredients.

Chapter 4 – Tanning

What is good? The entire chapter is very informative. As artificial colouring (tanning) is not popular in Asia, (actually it is other way round everybody wants to be fairer than they are!!!) the entire chapter was a pleasure to read.

Chapter 5 – Heat Treatments

What is good? All heat treatments are explained briefly including benefits of different heat treatments such as steam, sauna, plunge pools and so on. As in the other chapters, “did you know?” section gives pieces of interesting information.

What could have been better? It would have been useful if the author would have given a comparative study of different heat treatments in a chart format. Also, indication of minimum to maximum treatment time for each treatment would have provided guidance to new therapists. Also, vital information on contra indications and adverse effects of prolonged treatment is missing.

Chapter 6 – Spas

What is good? Very nice explanation is given on the history of spa and the five senses. Also, information on water health and safety is very interesting and informative. Useful information is included about different areas within the spa such as the reception, wet area, changing rooms, laundry facilities and relaxation room.

What could have been better? More information on different treatments that can be offered in spas and typical space required for each activity and conceptualisation (designing) would have been useful from students as well as prospective spa owner’s point of view.

Chapter 7 – Hydrotherapy

What is good? Excellent information is included in this chapter. In this chapter the authors talk about basics (chemistry) of water, properties of hydrotherapy, effects of hot and cold water on skin, principles of Kneipp treatment, Mud Baths and Seaweed Powder Baths, Affusion Showers and Swiss Showers. It also provides information on Floatation Tanks and their benefits.

It will be a pleasure reading this

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chapter, even if one has limited knowledge of hydrotherapy.

Chapter 8 – Body Masks and Wraps

What is good? Once again, very detailed information on body wraps and masks is provided, which makes it worth buying the book! Body wraps and envelopments are new to the Indian spa culture. Therapists themselves are not sure about the technique as well as the results. This book will be useful as a starting point to learn more about these treatments.

Chapter 9 – Massage techniques

What is good? In this chapter, the authors talk about Swedish massage, different movements used during massage, contra indications, massage mediums to be used and massage routine. Pages full of visuals (photographs) to show sequences of massage movements can be a good way of learning massage techniques.

What could have been better? Although the visuals are excellent, a summary of massage steps for different parts of the body would have been a useful reference point.

Chapter 10 – The Science of Electrical Treatments

What is good? The chapter starts with introduction to electricity and Ohm’s law. It also then talks about Infra red and ultra violet radiations. Information on electrical safety gives emphasis on the importance on safe practices. Large anatomical figures of muscles and motor points in the chapter on Faradic, gives visual information on placement of Faradic pads for muscle contraction exercises. Information on galvanic machine to reduce cellulite, on micro current and its use in body contouring, vacuum suction machine, to improve lymphatic drainage and finally mechanical massager (G5) to break down fat, all is very informative. The entire chapter is incredibly educational, especially for students!

This book is full of useful information for students as well as working therapists. Hence, it will be worth having a copy in possession!

Writer: Vrinda Seddon

Article in Issue 4 page 70

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Welcome to (the “Site”), a website owned and controlled by C&E Pvt. Ltd (“C&E”, “we”, “us”, or “our”). We operate the Site, and C&E products and services made available through the Site (collectively the “Services”), which make link creation in copied and pasted content effortless to readers and, in certain cases, enables easier searches from copied content. We provide this privacy policy to let you know what information we collect, and how we use it, share it and protect it.

Privacy Practices for Visitors to the Spa Mantra Site

(a) The information we gather and how we use it: The Site is primarily directed to Publishers, although we welcome End Users who want to know more about our Services. We do not collect any PII from End Users through the provision of our services.  When a Publisher signs up for our site, we will collect the Publisher’s e-mail address to enable us to offer the service.  A single e-mail address from the Publisher is the only Personally Identifiable Information (“PII”) that we collect and we do this only to enable login to the site and to enable us to contact the Publishers that use our Services.

(b) Controlling our use of Publisher Login Information: If you have provided your email address when registering for our Site, you may modify that information at any time by visiting your account settings (https://id.C& You can also delete your account at any time. You can opt out of receiving certain email communications from the Site by clicking the “Unsubscribe” link at the bottom of each email.

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With third parties if we have a good faith belief that access, use, or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary to (a) satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or an enforceable governmental request, (b) enforce the applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations thereof, (c) detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues, or (d) protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of C&E, its users or the public as required or permitted by law.

In the event we go through a business transition such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of all or a portion of our assets, the Publisher’s email address may be among the assets transferred.

Privacy Practices for End Users Who Visit Publisher Sites that have C&E Services Installed

We do not collect any PII from End Users who visit Publisher Sites.

We operate the Services, which make link creation in copied and pasted content effortless to readers and, in certain cases, which make searches from copied content easier. When you, an End User, copy content from a Publisher Site and paste it into another document, the Services that have been installed on the Publisher Site may, at the publishers discretion, automatically append a link back to the original content. When you visit a Publisher Site, we collect certain non-personally identifiable information (“Non-PII”) for use on our platform (the “C&E Platform”). We enable our Publishers to use this information via the Platform for analytics purposes, and we also use some of this information to market our products and services to you and those of third parties we believe may be of interest to you as described below.

(a) The information we gather and how we use it:

PII – We do not collect PII from End Users who visit a Publisher Site.

Non-PII – We collect Non-PII through the provision of Services for use on the C&E Platform. For example, when you visit a web page on a Publisher Site, our server logs may collect your Internet Protocol address, browser type, browser language, the date and time you visited that web page, and the web search that landed you on that web page. We may also collect information regarding what content you copy from the Publisher Site. Also, when you visit a Publisher Site, we will place a cookie onto your computer or other device. “Cookies” are small pieces of information that a website sends to your computer’s web browser while you are viewing a website. We use cookies to improve the quality of our Services, including identifying user preferences and interests and identifying user trends. We also use cookies to help advertisers and publishers serve more relevant ads to users.

(b) Controlling our use of your Non-PII: If you don’t want us to (i) enable C&E-generated links in connection with copied content, or (ii) track your Non-PII, you can opt-out by clicking the Opt Out button on this page. You will need to Opt-Out for each browser you use and have cookies enabled.

(c) Information Sharing: We share Non-PII with other companies or individuals as follows:

We use Non-PII to enable us to provide our Services to our Publisher partners. We also use Non-PII to enable advertisers to serve more relevant advertisements to their audience.

We share any information we have with third parties if we have a good faith belief that disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary to (a) satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or an enforceable governmental request, (b) enforce the applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations thereof, (c) detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues, or (d) protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of C&E, its End Users or the public as required or permitted by law.

In the event we go through a business transition such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of all or a portion of our assets, we expect that any and all information that we have will be among the assets transferred.

    In addition, we may aggregate your Non-PII with the Non-PII of others and share that aggregated information with third parties without restriction.

Information Security and Retention

We take reasonable security measures to protect against unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure or destruction of data. These include firewalls and encryption, internal reviews of our data collection, storage and processing practices and security measures, as well as physical security measures to guard against unauthorized access to systems.

We restrict access to Publisher email addresses to C&E employees, contractors and agents who need to know that information in order to operate, develop or improve our Services. These individuals are bound by confidentiality obligations and may be subject to discipline, including termination, if they fail to meet these obligations. However, we are unable to guarantee that the security measures we take will not be penetrated or compromised or that your information will remain secure under all circumstances.

We retain records of Publisher email addresses for as long as the Publsher maintains its account.

We retain detailed records of End User activity for a maximum of 90 days. Statistical summaries and data aggregations may be kept for longer periods.


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The Site and Services are hosted in the United States. If you access the Site or Services from the European Union, Asia, or any other region with laws or regulations governing personal data collection, use, and disclosure that differ from United States laws, please be advised that through your continued use of the Site or Services, you are transferring your PII (there is no PII associated with services – we need to alter these sentences) to the United States and you consent to that transfer. Additionally, you understand that your PII may be processed in countries (including the United States) where laws regarding processing PII may be less stringent than in your country.

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Return Items
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