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Stuck in the MUD
The cleansing and healing properties of muds have made them a popular ingredient in numerous spa treatments.

Treatments in spas are by no means a modern phenomenon. Recorded history shows that the practice was prevalent back in the Greek and Roman eras, while archaeological evidence dates back to prehistoric times. In ancient times, spas erupted around hot springs whose waters were concentrated with minerals and microorganisms that facilitated healing. They became sources of worship and reverence for prehistoric civilizations, for medicinal bathing in the Greco-Roman period, and for pampering and relaxation in the modern age.

Doctors and scientists soon discovered that the minerals and microorganisms from the water are seeped into the surrounding soil and mud, and that this precious mud could be used to deliver the same miraculous results. Now mud treatments in spas across the globe are as ubiquitous as a massage. Because of variations in temperature, location and composition of water bodies, different muds – the most popular being the Dead Sea mud, Moor Mud and Italian Fango – have a wide variety of benefits.

Spa for the Ancients – Karlovy Vary

With about 313 hot springs and the warm water of Tepla river, the little city of Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic is one of the most ancient spa cities. Its name translates to ‘Charles’ Bath’ after Charles IV, King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor, who founded the city in 1370. Pre-World War II it hosted numerous rajahs, sheikhs, presidents, aristocrats and cultural icons including Napoleon and Beethoven, who came here to benefit from the mineral-rich waters and mud. As quoted by Mila Syznovich, spokesperson for Karlovy Vary, “Our mud is high in mineral salts, CO2, argonite, calcite and trace iron deposits. This area is a river valley formed by granite tectonic blocks, which created a rift valley. Subsequent basalt lava flows and argonite mineralizations are also present. The thermal water infects the earth surrounding it, lending the mud curative properties.”

Life from the Dead – Dead Sea Mud

It is ironic that the Dead Sea, an environment too hostile for any living organism to survive, can be the source of products that have been scientifically proven to be extremely curative. It’s the water body with the highest concentration of salt on the earth and unlike other seas and oceans, its composition contains more than 21 minerals such as Magnesium, Calcium, Sulphur, Bromine and Zinc.

These minerals are also found in Dead Sea mud, which is considered effective in the treatment of skin ailments such as Psoriasis, Eczema, Dermatitis and Acne and in the relief of muscular pain and rheumatic conditions such as Arthritis. Dr. Kremer Moshe, a skin and venereal diseases specialist, who tested the effectiveness of Jericho Cosmetics’ Dead Sea mud said, “These products contain sulphides and bituminous compounds essential for hair stimulation. Ingredients of the mud such as flavonoids and vitamins A, B, E, iron and polysaccharides which stimulate the growth of hair follicles provide essential nutrients to the germinative cells.”

Italian Treasure – Fango

Fango is the Italian word for mud. It is used widely is mud treatments across Europe with the Italian government sponsoring 15 days of the treatment a year for its citizens. Fango is abundantly found in Italy’s volcanic terrain. It is made up of a solid, clay-like component, thermal water and an algae-based flurry. According to Dr. Reinhard Bergel, Health-Enhancement-Accessories-Training., the most commonly used algae are blue-green algae (Cyanophyceae), green algae (Chara pistienensis) and the blue-green algae (Oscillatoriaceae).

This mud, when combined with mineral water and algae, needs to undergo a maturation process before being considered therapeutic. “The progress of mud ripening is characterized by changes in electrical potential,” ¬says Dr. Bergel. He adds, “The most characteristic effect is the heat effect. The heat reaches the deep-laying tissue structure and promotes healing, regeneration and restoration due to increased blood supply. That’s why healing, curative hydro-thermal spa remedies should be administered as at least 20 consecutive treatments.” In a typical therapy session, the mud is applied at a temperature of 38 degrees Fahrenheit and left on for 15-20 minutes, followed by a hot shower and/or thermal bath.

Centuries of Perfection – Moor Mud

Moor Mud is a therapeutic mud derived from peat, which as Dr. Bergel describes consists of “humus and minerals formed over a very long period by physical, chemical, biologic, and geologic processes”. It is a thick, natural, black mud, visually unappealing yet packed with about a hundred different plants extracts, organic substances, minerals, inorganic compounds, antibiotics and vitamins. The highest quality of moor muds is found in unpolluted and sparsely populated regions, which have continuously flowing thermal water…Read the full version of the article on

Issue 6 Page 86

Jerusha Ratnam-Chande


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Where do I get started on my FAQ page? When I built my first website, I had no idea even what a faq was…..So I skipped that page! Now that I know what it is…..I highly recommend you not to skip your Frequently Asked Questions page! This page is directed to help your vistors at your website. Many website viewers end up having questions about the website they are visiting.
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Privacy policy

Welcome to (the “Site”), a website owned and controlled by C&E Pvt. Ltd (“C&E”, “we”, “us”, or “our”). We operate the Site, and C&E products and services made available through the Site (collectively the “Services”), which make link creation in copied and pasted content effortless to readers and, in certain cases, enables easier searches from copied content. We provide this privacy policy to let you know what information we collect, and how we use it, share it and protect it.

Privacy Practices for Visitors to the Spa Mantra Site

(a) The information we gather and how we use it: The Site is primarily directed to Publishers, although we welcome End Users who want to know more about our Services. We do not collect any PII from End Users through the provision of our services.  When a Publisher signs up for our site, we will collect the Publisher’s e-mail address to enable us to offer the service.  A single e-mail address from the Publisher is the only Personally Identifiable Information (“PII”) that we collect and we do this only to enable login to the site and to enable us to contact the Publishers that use our Services.

(b) Controlling our use of Publisher Login Information: If you have provided your email address when registering for our Site, you may modify that information at any time by visiting your account settings (https://id.C& You can also delete your account at any time. You can opt out of receiving certain email communications from the Site by clicking the “Unsubscribe” link at the bottom of each email.

(c) Information Sharing: We will use a Publisher email address provided at login exclusively as follows:

With third parties if we have a good faith belief that access, use, or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary to (a) satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or an enforceable governmental request, (b) enforce the applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations thereof, (c) detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues, or (d) protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of C&E, its users or the public as required or permitted by law.

In the event we go through a business transition such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of all or a portion of our assets, the Publisher’s email address may be among the assets transferred.

Privacy Practices for End Users Who Visit Publisher Sites that have C&E Services Installed

We do not collect any PII from End Users who visit Publisher Sites.

We operate the Services, which make link creation in copied and pasted content effortless to readers and, in certain cases, which make searches from copied content easier. When you, an End User, copy content from a Publisher Site and paste it into another document, the Services that have been installed on the Publisher Site may, at the publishers discretion, automatically append a link back to the original content. When you visit a Publisher Site, we collect certain non-personally identifiable information (“Non-PII”) for use on our platform (the “C&E Platform”). We enable our Publishers to use this information via the Platform for analytics purposes, and we also use some of this information to market our products and services to you and those of third parties we believe may be of interest to you as described below.

(a) The information we gather and how we use it:

PII – We do not collect PII from End Users who visit a Publisher Site.

Non-PII – We collect Non-PII through the provision of Services for use on the C&E Platform. For example, when you visit a web page on a Publisher Site, our server logs may collect your Internet Protocol address, browser type, browser language, the date and time you visited that web page, and the web search that landed you on that web page. We may also collect information regarding what content you copy from the Publisher Site. Also, when you visit a Publisher Site, we will place a cookie onto your computer or other device. “Cookies” are small pieces of information that a website sends to your computer’s web browser while you are viewing a website. We use cookies to improve the quality of our Services, including identifying user preferences and interests and identifying user trends. We also use cookies to help advertisers and publishers serve more relevant ads to users.

(b) Controlling our use of your Non-PII: If you don’t want us to (i) enable C&E-generated links in connection with copied content, or (ii) track your Non-PII, you can opt-out by clicking the Opt Out button on this page. You will need to Opt-Out for each browser you use and have cookies enabled.

(c) Information Sharing: We share Non-PII with other companies or individuals as follows:

We use Non-PII to enable us to provide our Services to our Publisher partners. We also use Non-PII to enable advertisers to serve more relevant advertisements to their audience.

We share any information we have with third parties if we have a good faith belief that disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary to (a) satisfy applicable law, regulation, legal process or an enforceable governmental request, (b) enforce the applicable Terms of Service, including investigation of potential violations thereof, (c) detect, prevent, or otherwise address fraud, security or technical issues, or (d) protect against harm to the rights, property or safety of C&E, its End Users or the public as required or permitted by law.

In the event we go through a business transition such as a merger, acquisition by another company, or sale of all or a portion of our assets, we expect that any and all information that we have will be among the assets transferred.

    In addition, we may aggregate your Non-PII with the Non-PII of others and share that aggregated information with third parties without restriction.

Information Security and Retention

We take reasonable security measures to protect against unauthorized access to or unauthorized alteration, disclosure or destruction of data. These include firewalls and encryption, internal reviews of our data collection, storage and processing practices and security measures, as well as physical security measures to guard against unauthorized access to systems.

We restrict access to Publisher email addresses to C&E employees, contractors and agents who need to know that information in order to operate, develop or improve our Services. These individuals are bound by confidentiality obligations and may be subject to discipline, including termination, if they fail to meet these obligations. However, we are unable to guarantee that the security measures we take will not be penetrated or compromised or that your information will remain secure under all circumstances.

We retain records of Publisher email addresses for as long as the Publsher maintains its account.

We retain detailed records of End User activity for a maximum of 90 days. Statistical summaries and data aggregations may be kept for longer periods.


We do not knowingly collect or maintain PII from any individuals – especially individuals who are under 13 years of age, and no part of our Site or Services are designed to attract people under the age of 13. Protecting the privacy of children is very important to us. If we obtain knowledge that a user is under the age of 13, we will take steps to remove that user’s data from our databases.

Links to Other Sites

Our Site and Services contain links to, and allow you to share content on, third party websites and services. The fact that we link to a website or service or allow you to share content on them is not an endorsement, authorization or representation that we are affiliated with that third party, nor is it an endorsement of their privacy or information security policies or practices. This privacy policy applies only as provided in the “Scope” section above. Other websites and services follow different rules regarding the use or disclosure of personal information. We encourage you to read the privacy policies or statements of the other websites you visit.

International Users

The Site and Services are hosted in the United States. If you access the Site or Services from the European Union, Asia, or any other region with laws or regulations governing personal data collection, use, and disclosure that differ from United States laws, please be advised that through your continued use of the Site or Services, you are transferring your PII (there is no PII associated with services – we need to alter these sentences) to the United States and you consent to that transfer. Additionally, you understand that your PII may be processed in countries (including the United States) where laws regarding processing PII may be less stringent than in your country.

Questions or Comments?

C&E regularly reviews its compliance with this Privacy Policy. Please feel free to direct any questions or concerns regarding this Privacy Policy by contacting us through this Site, by emailing us at [email protected] or writing to us at:


C&E Pvt. Ltd

210 Srikant Chambers

Sion Trombay Road

Chembur, Mumbai


Changes to this Privacy Policy

Please note that this Privacy Policy may change from time to time. If you have any additional questions or concerns about this Privacy Policy, please feel free to contact us any time through this Site or by writing to us at the address set forth above.

Cancellation & refund policy

Return Items
If you are not completely satisfied with your purchase, you may be eligible to return the item for a refund.
To return an item, please visit online Order Status for assistance 24 hours a day, or call xxxx-xxxx, Monday – Friday from 5:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., or Saturday – Sunday from 7:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Pacific time.
Returns policy
Items that cannot be returned include: